District Profile :
Bhind is the Northernmost District of Madhya Pradesh,north east of Gwalior, situated at 26°34’50” latitude and 78°48’05” longitude. The district lies in the valleys of Chambal and the Sind, between the Kunwari and the Pahuj rivers. The district spans from 25°54’5” North to 26°47’50” North and from 78°12’45” East to 79°8’30” 79°8’30” East.
The shape of the district is semi circular, bulging towards the north east.The greatest length of Bhind district measures about 105 km south east to north west.
The District is bounded by Agra and Etawa districts of Uttar Pradesh in the north and Gwalior and Datia districts in the south. The eastern boundary is closed by the districts of Etawah Auraiya and Jalaun of Uttar Pradesh in the east, where as the western and north western boundaries are common with Morena district. The north western boundary is marked by the Asan and the Kunwari rivers, the northern and eastern boundaries being traversed by the Chambal and the Pahuj.
The entire District lies in the Chambal valley. It forms the south western part of Ganga Valley. The Hills are only a few, small and isolated, mostly in the south west.
It is only in the Bhind Tehsil that the rivers flow towards east. The topology of Bhind is the topography of the valley plains. The plains at present are closely cultivated fields devoid of trees, stubbed with shrubby growth only along the moist hollows, and thickly populated.The only divisions of topography are offered by the network of rivers with deep channels and steep bank.
The widest plane of the district lies in the western part around Gohad, Mehgaon and Mau. The ravine lands extend along both sides of the rivers and their tributaries. These ravins were the ideal shelters and bypass routes of dacoits. The ravine areas are mostly unsuitable for cultivation and settlements.
The district is crossed by a number of rivers and streams. The Chambal and the Sind are the main rivers of the district. The Chambal forms the northern boundary. As the 2 rivers are the tributaries of the Yamuna, they form parts of the Ganga drainage system. Aaprt from these, the other important rivers of the district are the Kunwari, the Pahuj, the Asan and the Vaisali.
The Climate of Bhind is characterized by general dryness, except during the south-west monsoon season. The year may be divided into 4 seasons. The winter season is from December to February is followed by the summer season from March to about middle of June . The period from Middle of June to about the end of September is the south-west monsoon season. October and November constitute the post-monsoon or retreating monsoon season
The average annual rainfall of Bhind is 668.3 mm.The spatial variation of the district is not too much. About 92% of the annual rainfall is received in the south-west monsoon months. On an average there are 33 rainy days in a year. The heaviest rainfall in the 24 hours recorded at any station in the district was 295.9mm at Bhind on 6th September, 1910.
There is no meteorological observatory in Bhind. After February the temperature increases steadily till May , when the mean daily temperature is about 46 degree C and the mean daily minimum is about 28 degree C. In the June the mean daily temperature is higher than in may by a couple of degrees. The heat in summer is intense and the dust laden scorching winds which blow often add much to the discomfort. With onset of monsoon in district by about middle of June, there is an appreciable drop in the temperature. After October day and night temperature decrease rapidly. January is greatly the coldest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at about 23 degreeC, and the mean daily minimum at about 5 degree C. In 2003 it dropped to about 2-3 degree C. In the cold season in the rear of passing western disturbances, cold waves affect the District and the minimum temperature may drop down to about a degree below the freezing point of water.